Cancer is uncontrolled growth of the cells. The cells in our body have a property of dividing and multiplying. Each cell has a distinct time period for this activity of division and multiplication. When any cell of the body changes its nature and starts dividing and multiplying at a very fast pace, this condition is called Cancer. The cells change their nature due to chronic irritation. In Lung Cancer, the cells of lungs start to behave erratically due to chronic irritation by smoke.
"People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer. Lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked. The risk of lung cancer increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes you've smoked. If you quit smoking even after smoking for many years you can significantly reduce your chances of developing lung cancer", says Dr Kuldeep Kumar, Pulmonologist and Lung Specialist in Gurgaon, India
Symptoms of lung cancer appear very late when the disease is in an advanced stage. The symptoms may include shortness of breath, blood in sputum, persistent cough, chest pain, hoarseness of voice, unintended weight loss etc.
Smokers should try to quit smoking. Those who smoke should exercise for 1-2 hours everyday so that the lungs can repair themselves. Eating a diet full of fruits and vegetables would also help in preventing lung cancer.
Submillimeter scanning in the form of High Resolution Lung CT Scan is one of the best diagnostic test for finding out even very small lesions in the lungs. The sputum can be tested in the laboratory for presence of cancer cells. If these tests indicate the presence of Lung Cancer then Bronchoscopic biopsy can be taken from the lungs to confirm the diagnosis. If Lung cancer has been confirmed through these tests then stage of the cancer has to be found out. For this you might have to undergo CT Scan / MRI Scan / PET Scan of the whole body / Bone Scan. These tests would indicate the spread of cancer to other body parts which helps in establishing the stage of the cancer. There are five stages of Cancer - 0 to 5. At stage 0, the cancer is localized in the lungs and the treatment would be easier. As the stage increases, the treatment becomes difficult and the prognosis becomes poorer.
If the cancer is localized in the lungs then surgery is the best option. The surgery for lung cancer can be - Wedge Resection, Segmental Resection, Lobectomy or Pneumonectomy. If the tumour in the lungs is quite large then chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be advised before surgery to shrink the tumour. Post surgery some cycles of chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be required to prevent recurrence of the cancer.
Dr Kuldeep Kumar is one of the most sought after pulmonologist for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. In suspected lung cancer patients, the role of early diagnosis of the disease is extremely important for successful treatment. When the patient comes for consultation, immediately HRCT of the Lungs can be done at CK Birla Hospital. If any lesion is seen on CT Scan, then needle biopsy or bronchoscopic biopsy is done by Dr Kuldeep Kumar at Sector 51 and Sector 14, Gurgaon. The biopsy results become available in 3-4 days time. If Lung Cancer is confirmed in biopsy results then other tests like PET Scan / Bone Scan can be done in the next two days. If the cancer is localized in the lungs then surgery is the best option and all types of lung surgeries are done at our hospital. Our surgeons will remove the cancerous part of the lung with margin clearance. The cost of Lung Cancer Surgery ranges between Rs. 1.5 Lacs - 5 Lacs depending upon the type of the surgery.
Dr Kuldeep Kumar is the Chief Pulmonologist and Incharge of ICU at CK Birla Hospital, Sector-51, Gurgaon. He can be consulted in the OPD for suspected or confirmed lung cancer cases. The consultation fee is Rs. 1000 and the timing for consultation is from 11 am - 3 pm. Dr. Kuldeep Kumar is also available for consultation at Miracles Mediclinic, Sector-14 from 5 pm - 6 pm in the evening for the patients who are still scared of going to big hospitsls.
We have developed the most advanced Pulmonology department at CK Birla Hospital which is fully equipped to take care of all kinds of Pulmonary conditions.
We have the most advanced Intensive Care Unit equipped with the latest Ventilators, Monitors and other Life Saving Equipments. Our services run round the clock so that we are there when you need us the most.
Dr Kuldeep Kumar
Chief Pulmonologist and Critical Care Specialist
CK Birla Hospital, Gurgaon
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